Wednesday, December 12, 2018


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Tuesday, November 13, 2018

Why he remains popular : Philippines President Duterte

Manila: His foul mouth and "strongman" tag have endeared Rodrigo Duterte to Filipinos, who voted for him by a wide margin in a five-way presidential race in 2016.

It was a period when the economy was on the upswing. But the city streets were dangerous. In the countrysides, armed communist rebels and Moro separatists challenged government troops.

When Duterte, 73, made a euphoric entrance, inflation was low — built upon the economic achievements set in place by his predecessors — and optimism for change high.

In his spirited campaign, he vowed to solve runaway crime, corruption, the communist as well as Moro insurgencies. Duterte became the country’s 16th president, scoring a landslide win, garnering 16.6 million votes (6.6 million more than the second-highest, former Senator Mar Roxas, scion of the Philippine ruling elite).

Duterte drew overwhelming support from overseas Filipino voters.

Fired up by populist rhetoric, street language, and backed by a strong social media support, his victory was fuelled by a groundswell of a mix of anger and hope among the electorate to solve everyday issues.

Many Filipinos saw Duterte's predecessor, Benigno Aquino III, as an OK economic manager but with an undesirable flipside: Aquino was seen as indifferent, reluctant to make tough calls — and largely ineffective against the triple whammy of drugs, crime and corruption.

During the campaign, Duterte gave a timeline for solving the drug menace: "Within three to six months."

That bold promise worked.

Nearly 30 months under his watch, many Filipinos would argue that much has already changed for the better, both big and small, though there's so much yet to be done.

The former Davao City mayor took no time in unleashing a raft of reforms. He started by crushing drug gangs, including those within the police ranks, name-shaming "narco-generals". He summoned mayors and local officials suspected of involvement drugs.

An April 2018 survey by independent pollster Pulse Asia Research shows Duterte's anti-narcotics drive is his most important accomplishment so far, with 69 per cent of those polled satisfied with his rule. This, despite criticisms from the international community over alleged extrajudicial executions carried out by police and state agents.

Near the halfway mark into his presidency, Duterte’s way of doing — and saying — things continue to enjoy a strong public support, with 78 of those polled in September (1,200 respondents) giving him a pat in the back for his anti-drug campaign.

What's more, the Phippines is still largely a democracy, despite the localised Martial Law in Mindanao. And thanks to a “super-majority” support in both Houses of Congress, many of his priority laws were passed.

Among the significant legislations or orders passed under Duterte's watch:

Universal Access to Tertiary Education Act
The long-term effects of this law, signed in August 2017, is epic. Under Republic Act 10931, underprivileged Filipino students now have a chance to earn a tertiary education degree — for free. It institutionalises free tuition and exemption from other fees in state universities and colleges (SUCs), local universities and colleges (LUCs) across the archipelago. It also foresees subsidies for private higher education institutions.

Ease of Doing Business Act
The Philippines had an sclerotic business registration and tax-filing process, where every step means greasing the palm of officials. RA No. 11032, also known as the “Ease of Doing Business and Efficient Government Service Delivery Act of 2018,” signed on May 28, 2018, seeks to do away with that. This serves to improve peoples’ dealing with the government by streamlining bureaucracy.

Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) Law
The Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) Act, RA 10963, is the initial package of the Comprehensive Tax Reform Program (CTRP) signed into law by Duterte on December 19, 2017. This new progressive taxation law demands lower personal income taxes to offset the impact of higher taxes on sugar-sweetened beverage, automobiles, coal, fuel, and tobacco.

The OFW Bank
Overseas Filipino are some of Duterte's most ardent supporters, allowing him to corner more than 70 per cent of Filipino votes in many overseas polling places. On June 2018, the Overseas Filipino (OF) Bank was launched, fulfilling a campaign promise, through the acquisition of the moribund Philippine Postal Savings Bank by the Land Bank of the Philippines. Both are government-owned and controlled corporations.

10-year Philippine passports
On August 2, 2017, Duterte signed into law Republic Act (RA 10928) providing for a 10-year validity of the Philippine passport. The 10-year validity only applies to Filipino citizens who are over 18 years of age. Those who are under 18 will be issues passports with five-year validity.

5-year validity of Philippine drivers’ licence
Also on the same day, August 2, 2017, Duterte signed into law a measure extending the validity of drivers’ licenses to five years from the previous three years. Republic Act No. 10930 amended Section 23 of the Land Transpottation and Traffic Code (Republic Act No. 4136) to extend the validity period of drivers’ licenses.

Bangsamoro Organic Law
On August 6, 2018, Duterte signed Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL), during which he aired hopes the new deal would put an end to the conflict in Mindanao, turning it instead into the country's major economic powerhouse. The edict took more than two decades to pass and seeks to address the flaws of an earlier law on Moro autonomy.

National ID Law
This law took more than 20 years. Previous leaders reeled under the pressure of various groups concerned about potential abuse, hacking or misuse of a national ID database. It took Duterte just two years. On August 6, 2018, he signed the Philippine ID System Law, a long-debated measure that aims to provide a nationwide database of all Filipinos and a chip-based identity card with biometrics. The new ID system, set to kick in from January 1, 2019, will help ease transactions with the government, curb crime and enhance security.

Mandatory SSS coverage for OFWs
On October 10, 2018, the Philippine Senate has finally approved a legislation amending the law on the country’s Social Security System (SSS). More importantly, it mandates compulsory membership for all overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) under the age of 60. This legislation proved too difficult to hammer in the past, but is now seen as a way to address the pension "timebomb" that awaits millions of non-member OFWs.

Duterte's government also announced the state coffers would to bear the airfare of OFWs who availed of the amnesty offered by the UAE government, also offering them some cash assistance.

Tough calls
The seige of Marawi City on May 23, 2017 by extremists was a tough test for Duterte. He declared Martial Law on Mindanao, one of the major island groups in the archipelago.

On October 23, after five months of street fighting with well-armed extremists, Duterte stood on gym stage with a ruined roof near a tarpaulin bearing large photos of the dead militant leaders, declaring the liberation of Marawi from the clutches of militants. His popularity went through the roof.

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte (C) poses for a picture with female soldiers during his visit at Bangolo town in Marawi city, southern Philippines October 17, 2017.
Image Credit: Reuters
Duterte then turned to Boracay, one of the world's most bueatiful beaches, which he dubbed as a "cesspool" due to years of disregard of sewage treatment rules. Despite the protests by affected businessmen and resort employees, Duterte shut it down.

He also ordered businesses there to comply with environmental rules before they will get a licence to re-open six months later. He also stopped wild beach parties for good.

Boracay was closed to tourists for six months over concerns that the once idyllic white-sand resort has become a "cesspool" tainted by dumped sewage.
Image Credit: Reuters
The Philippines, a highly mineralised country, has numerous mines. Duterte and former Environment Secretary Gina Lopez targeted miners, ordering them to comply with environmental rules — or face shut down.

The eventual shutdown of mines drove up the global price of minerals including nickel, a key component of battery electric vehicles. The powerful Commission on Appointments, however, ditched Lopez many times, forcing a frustrated Duterte to replace her with a less combative minister, Roy Cimatu, a former military general, who has since allowed most mines to re-open.

Mines shut down in the Philippines
Image Credit: Reuters
Drug war
Drug use and addiction has been a social menace and health concern of the Philippines since the 1970s. At the start of his watch, Duterte rallied Filipinos against substance abuse and the syndicates and personalities that profit from them.

Various accounts placed the number of deaths from drug busts and supposed "shootouts" at 5,000 to 7,000, though the numbers are hard to confirm.

Long before he became President, Duterte’s name had become synonymous with the vigilante group, the Davao Death Squad (DDS).

Duterte used his take-no-prisoners reputation to go down hard on criminality and illegal drugs trade, achieving what previous leaderships found impossible to attain.

A police officer talks to male residents following an identity check during an anti-drugs operation in Metro Manila on Thursday. The men were later released.
Image Credit: Reuters
In a country with 105 million inhabitants, the numbers involved in the drug-war are mind-boggling:

Drug war by the numbers
18,388 out of the 29,749 drug-affected villages have been declared “drug free”
49,265 of the more than 1.2 million individual drug users, addicts and "pushers" were arrested across the country
Some 4,540 drug lords and pushers who resisted arrest were 'neutralised'
208,000 drug users or small time pushers were rehabilitated
189 drug dens and clandestine laboratories in the country where dismantled
P13.46 billion-worth of methamphetamine hydrochloride, or shabu, was confiscated
P19.67 billion-worth of drugs, controlled precursors and essential chemicals, and laboratory equipment were seized

Relatives look at portraits of alleged victims of Duterte's so-called drugs war during a service ahead of the observance of All Souls Day, which is paying homage to the beloved departed Tuesday, October 30, 2018 in Manila, Philippines. Thousands of alleged drug-users and "pushers," mostly from impoverished communities, were killed in the more than two years since Duterte took office.
Image Credit: AP
Public profile
The road taken by Duterte to become the country’s chief executive took nearly three decades. A lawyer who admitted having attempted to kill a schoolmate during his law school days at Manila's San Beda College during the late 1960s, he eventually graduated and passed the Bar Exams in 1972 to become prosecutor in his native Davao City for more than a decade.

In 1988, after the ouster of Ferdinand Marcos' government, he was appointed by the Cory Aquino government, along with several other politicians and local leaders, to become Officer in Charge, a de-facto mayor. For more than two decades, he continued to lead Davao City as mayor.

In the years in between, he alternated as vice mayor. Although supporters as early as 2014 had been drumbeating through social media the possibility that he would be running for the country’s highest office, Duterte had projected himself largely as a reluctant president.

Philippines' President Rodrigo Duterte (centre) with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe (right) and presidential aide Christopher Go (left) at Duterte's family home in Davao city.
Duterte readily admits his frailties. He has made no effort to hide matters pertaining to his family life. He is civilly wedded to Elizabeth Zimmerman, a Jewish-German.

Their union produced three children, Sara Duterte-Carpio who is the incumbent mayor of Davao City, and sons Paolo, elected vice mayor of Davao City in the last elections but had resigned from his mandate due to lingering rumours of his ties to smuggling and drugs.

On June 30, 2016, Malacanang Palace released the official family portrait of the First Family taken after the inauguration of President Duterte. Among those who joined the photo session were Duterte’s former wife Elizabeth Zimmerman, their children Paolo, Davao City Mayor Inday Sara, and Sebastian, grandchildren, and the President’s sister. Duterte, 73, was married to Elizabeth Zimmerman for 27 years. Their marriage was annulled in 2000. They have three children: Paolo, Sara, and Sebastian.
Image Credit: Malacanang Photo
The third child from the marriage is Sebastian. The President’s marriage with Zimmerman was annulled in 2000. Duterte has a common-law wife, Honeylet Avanceña, with whom he has a daughter.

Duterte had warned relatives of avanceña to avoid using his name to secure government contracts. Sara, his eldest, is now a front-runner in the mid-term 2019 Senate race, according to polls.

Duterte’s former wife Elizabeth Zimmerman (left), with whom he has three children, and Honeylet Avancena (right), a former beauty queen from Valenzuela, with whom Duterte has a daughter.
Image Credit: File / Screenshots
Among the major economic sectors, services recorded the fastest-growth at 6.6 percent. Industry followed with a growth of 6.3 percent, and Agriculture with a growth of 0.2 percent.

Foreign direct investments (FDI) posted an all-time high. Data from the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) showed FDI net inflows amounted to $2.2 billion for the first quarter of 2018, a 43.5-per cent spike from the $1.5 billion recorded in first quarter of 2017.

Foreign direct investments (FDI) posted an all-time high. Data from the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP) showed FDI net inflows amounted to $2.2 billion for the first quarter of 2018, a 43.5-per cent spike from the $1.5 billion recorded in first quarter of 2017.

foreign direct investments in Q2 2018
Social media
The Philippines is prime Facebook country — smartphones outnumber people, and 97 percent of Filipinos who are online have Facebook accounts.

Duterte, who has made vicious tirades against traditional media, the church, and the Filipino oligarchs behind them, has quickly assembled an army of uninhibited social media supporters. Through the so-called "patriotic trolling", his supporters have been tagged for using Facebook as a weapon.

His most vociferous supporters are bloggers of various shades. Some even do long-form research attacking the "yellow army", combined with extolling the wealth and wisdom of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos, and denigrating any shade of liberalism. His campaign is also known to have hired online strategists who helped him transform his modest online presence, creating an numerous Facebook personalities and bloggers worldwide.

Today, any social media post against Duterte, or even against Marcos, stirs up a troll's nest, potentially unleashing an avalanche of low-blows and legendary claims. Duterte's camp has ably used it to their advantage.

Over the more than two decades that he had been Davao City Mayor and later, President, Duterte’s name equate to “political will” and “consistency” — something most Filipinos perceive as severely lacking in his predecessors. In his anti-corruption drive, Duterte did not spare even the people who had supported him during his presidential campaign and his close friends.

A few months after his presidency, Duterte sacked and continues to fire a number of officials he personally appointed. Among them was a drug agency chairman and his justice secretary over a drug kingpin arrested in Abu Dhabi but was acquitted by a local court for "lack of evidence".

Rising cost of goods is a concern. A kilo of rice, for example, cost P50 (Dh3.43) in early July. At the end of that month, it spiked to P54 (Dh3.71) while other basic food items prices are rising at a fast rate given the 5.3 per cent inflation in June.

Filipinos have been confronted with high inflation over the past several months reaching 5.7 per cent in July, 6.4 in August, and 6.7 in September — the higest in Asean region— as prices of basic commodities reached high levels.

A rice store in Manila. For illustrative purposes only.
Image Credit: Reuters
To tame inflation, he sought advice from ex-president Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, an economist and now Speaker of the House of Representatitves. He also warned using emergency powers to go after rice hoarders.

To put the inflation story in context, however, data released by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) show the average inflation rates during the respective terms of the past five presidents are:

(1) Corazon Aquino — 10.2 per cent
(2) Fidel Ramos — 7.8 per cent
(3) Joseph Estrada — 6.5 per cent
(4) Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo — 5.2 per cent
(5) Benigno Aquino III — 2.8 percent
If prices spikes are not managed well, and the peso continues to dive, it could weaken people's trust and satisfaction ratings of Duterte.

Under Duterte’s gaze and that of the international media, bulldozers crushed dozens of luxury and sports vehicles brought in by smugglers, conniving with elements inside the Bureau of Customs (BOC).

A bulldozer flattens condemned smuggled high-value cars worth 61.6 million pesos (US$1.2 million), which include used Lexus, BMW, Mercedes-Benz, Audi, Jaguar, Ford Explorer and Corvette Stingray, during the 116th Bureau of Customs founding anniversary in Metro Manila, Philippines February 6, 2018.
Image Credit: Reuters
But smuggling of vehicles at BOC is just the tip of the iceberg: Drug smuggling is worth so much more.

Evidence gathered by anti-drugs team (PDEA) revealed at least two huge shabu drug shipments went through Customs since the start of Duterte’s watch, including the shipment valued at 11 billion pesos stashed in four magnetic lifters found in a warehouse in Cavite, outside the capital, after it slipped through inspectors at Manila International Container Terminal.

In 2017, a "shabu" (meth) shipment worth P6.4 billion got through, leading to the relief of then Customs Commissioner Nicanor Faeldon, a Marine Captain, who was then replaced by Isidro Lapeña, a retired police chief, and who now has been relieved Rey Leonardo Guerrero, a retired ex-chief of staff of the military. After Duterte moved Lapeña out of Customs, the latter was made head of the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (Tesda).

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CNN Philippines

 [BREAKING] President Duterte: General Isidro Lapeña will move to TESDA. I will promote you to a Cabinet member position

1:19 PM - Oct 25, 2018
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In August 2017, allegations emerged during a Senate hearing when a customs broker told the panel he had heard the names of Duterte’s son, Paulo, and son-in-law Manases Carpio, mentioned while seeking to expedite the shipment.

On October 29, 2018, Duterte placed BOC under military control, citing “anarchy” at the agency. He ordered the military to check and clear container vans in Manila and other Philippine ports.

The parade of ex-military men at Customs shows even these few good men found the job too much. Duterte's recent military-takeover order also drew flak as some senators questioned the order's legality. It appears no president, past and present, could ever get anywhere near the smuggling black hole at the messed up BOC.

Foul mouth
The traditional media, the church and the largely emaciated opposition do not pose such a big threat to Duterte, which is quite an accomplishment in itself.

Duterte, who shuns prepared notes and goes into extemporaneous speeches, has customarily hurled swear words at druggies, those suspected of corruption, his political opponents, UN officials, and, recently, God. He even offered to resign if anyone could conclusively prove that God exists.

Duterte believes his mouth won't bring down the Philippines. Many of his supporters don't mind his manner of speaking, and tell others to focus instead on what Duterte actually does, of which they're mostly happy about.

There are real opportunities Duterte and his team could still grab within the second half of his six-year term. The 2019 elections, on May 13, could shift the numbers in the Senate with enough votes to make a shift to a federal form of government happen.

The drive to stem corruption and the massive infrastructure build-up, alongside the moves taken by under Duterte's leadership, could present "tipping-point" opportunities for the Philippines.

Duterte has campaigned hard to shift Philippine governance to a federal one, instead of unitary. He believes it will solve many problems, including Manila's clogged up roads and separatism. Federalism, however, is dead in the Senate. Like the horrendous traffic in the capital, the mindset of Manila-based lawmakers (who comprise most of the 24 senators) on federalism is immovable, if not slow.

Motorists drive through a heavy traffic flow near a passing metro train along the main highway EDSA in Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines June 21, 2016. Duterte has added traffic jams to his hit list.
Image Credit: Reuters
Despite his party's "super majority", only four out of 24 Senators actually favour the shift. 

At least 18 Senate votes are required to amend or change the 1987 Philippine Constitution to make it happen.

This could change after the 2019 mid-term elections, if voters elect the required number of senators who favour the shift, giving Duterte a better good shot at one of his key campaign promises.

Build-build-build (BBB)
Infrastructure in the Philippines is currently in disarray due to years of neglect.

Dismal telecommunication services are among the worst in the Asean bloc. Manila’s traffic chaos is legendary and the Metro services in the capital have gone from bad to worse.

One estimate states that traffic in the capital bled the economy tune of 2.4 billion pesos in 2012, an amount expected to increase three-fold by 2030.

In December 2017, Japan-based Research & Investment (R&I) Rating, Inc. kept the Philippines' foreign currency issuer rating at “BBB” — a notch above minimum investment grade — with a "stable" outlook.
Image Credit: The Philippine Star
Duterte’s answer is BBB, a massive and ambitious 9-trillion-peso ($168-billion) Keynesian spending plan slated until 2022 and aimed to boost productivity through massive infrastructure spending, create jobs and decongest Manila. Funding for these project come under Senate oversight.

Key infrastructure projects under the BBB:

Subic-Clark Railway
North-South railway projects connecting Los Baños, Laguna to Tutuban, Manila and Clark Freeport in Pampanga
1,500-hectare industrial park in Clark, Pampanga
Expanded Clark International Airport also in Pampanga
Other major projects:
4 energy facilities
10 water resource projects and irrigation systems
5 flood-control facilities
3 redevelopment programs
BBB is an aggressive solution to years of under-investment and daunting problems that had crippled the country even as neighbours like Malaysia and Singapore have zoomed past.

An anti-corruption hotline (8888) is also in place, which Duterte said is a direct number of his office.

earmarked for 'Build-build-build' plan under Duterte until 2022
Whether it actually works to curb the build-up of inferior-quality government projects or downright siphoning off of public funds — a rampant practice under previous administrations — remains to be seen. Any improvements in transparency of governance has a massive knock-on effect on the economy.

Competitive advantages
As he approaches the half-way mark into his six-year presidency, could Duterte's policies help the country break out of a low-income nation to a higher middle-income nation? There's a real clamour and oppotunity for this "break-out" moment in the next three years.

With the tax and administrative reforms, BBB and improvements in public order, Duterte has laid down the groundwork for boosting both consumer demand and national productivity — though such a situation could also be inflationary.

Today, Filipinos are proud of the two pillars of their economy — the business-process outsourcing (BPO) industry and overseas Filipino workers (OFWs) — which earned for the country a combined $55 billion ($32 billion in OFW remittances and $23 billion in BPO income).

However, absolute dependence on these two sectors — with the labour-intensive “call centre” industry and OFWs — won’t be sustainable. Without economic development in the countrysides, excess rural population will continue to move into urban areas, providing cheap labour.

While cheap labour boosts competitiveness and powers economic growth, the Philippines can’t compete on this factor alone. Cheap labour, with shrinking birth rates, would eventually get exhausted. The country has to start pushing innovation, much like its richer neighbours, did which saw a spike in per-capita incomes.

Duterte admits that he is not much of an economist. The Philippine economy grew at a fast clip since he assumed presidency in 2016, a carry-over from the prudent policies of his predecessors. His economic managers are a capable team: the economy grew by 6.0 percent in the second quarter of 2018, largely on the improved peace and order and better investment climate, riding on the anti-corruption drive and cubring government red tape.

Further tightening of regulations in the mining sector and the closure of several mining sites and higher excise taxes on non-metallic and metallic minerals also contributed to the slower economic growth rate.

Bloomberg quoted the Philippine finance chief, Carlos Dominguez, as saying the country could grow by 6.5% in 2018. Manufacturing, trade, and construction sectors are main growth engines.

This puts the Philippines as one of the best-performing economies in Asia, after Vietnam at 6.8 per cent growth and China at 6.7 per cent growth, and ahead of Indonesia’s 5.3 per cent. Ernesto Pernia, Duterte's Socio-Economic Planning Secretary, acknowledged the slowdown was partly due to policy decisions by the government, which include Duterte’s order to close the resort island of Boracay in Central Philippines’ Aklan for a period of six months starting from April.

The Philippines under Duterte appears to be in a bind in its relations with big powers. The Asian nation had been a traditional ally of the United States.

Duterte changed that. He had issued statements about charting a "separate" foreign policy for the Philippines apart from the US sphere of influence. He warmed up towards China and, to a limited extent, Russia.

He had largely been cautious about China's moves over the islets which form part of the Philippines' Exclusive Economic Zone. Duterte frequently praises Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping.

He had largely been cautious about China's moves over the islets which form part of the Philippines' Exclusive Economic Zone. Duterte frequently praises Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping. In February, Duterte caused a stir when he jokingly offered the Philippines to Beijing as a "province" of China. He had been trying to craft a framework on the Philippine-China joint exploration in the South China Sea.

At the same time, Duterte has called upon China to “temper” its behaviour on its claims to the potentially resource-rich area. He had largely been cautious about China's moves over the islets which form part of the Philippines' Exclusive Economic Zone. Duterte frequently praises Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping.

File: Chinese dredging vessels purportedly seen in the waters around Mischief Reef in the disputed Spratly Islands in this still image from video taken by P-8A Poseidon provided by the US Navy May 21, 2015.
Image Credit: Reuters
The Philippine leader issued the call amid reports that China warned Philippine military aircraft while flying over its man-made islands in the disputed region. “Well, they have to rethink that because that would be a flashpoint someday,” Duterte said.

Duterte picked some of the "best and brightest" among his old buddies to help him run the government.

His biggest threats, however, come from some of his own. Though Duterte is not shy to sack his friends — including his former Justice minister Vitaliano Aguirre, as well numerous heads of agencies — government records show many projects had been bagged by his own allies, including Christopher "Bong" Go, whose family-owned construction firm reportedly cornered hundreds of millions worth of government projects, despite not being rated a Category A builder.

Going forward, Duterte has to keep a close eye on the awards of big-ticket projects to ensure the process is fair and that the BBB projects do not end up being lemons to be paid in full by Filipino taxpayers.

Communist rebellion
Duterte's administration has been engaged in on-and-off talks with representatives of the National Democractic Front and the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP), after freeing some of their leaders. Talks were terminated by the government because of the rebels' attacks against civilians and security forces.

Members of the communist New People's Army (NPA), the armed wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines.
Image Credit: Gulf News
On December 5, 2017, Duterte issued a proclamation designating the CPP-NPA a “terrorist organisation”. Philippines for nearly 50 years.

It was an iteration of a previous declaration by the United States of America, which on August 9, 2002 designated the CPP-NPA as a foreign terrorist organisation (FTO) and continues to include the CPP-NPA in its list of FTOs. The armed communists have been waging an low-intensity war in the hinterlands to establish a communist state in the Philippines for nearly 50 years.

Moro separatists
On July 27, 2018 Duterte finally signed Bangsamoro Organic Law (BOL), previously known as the Bangsamoro Basic Law, providing for enhanced autonomy to the Moro region in Southern Philippines in a peace process helped by Europeans.

The law recognises struggles of the Moro region, in southern Philippines, for its own identity and the right to manage its own affairs in all aspects of governance with less intervention from Manila. A new entity will replace the current Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, which despite years of being in force, had failed to address the root causes of conflict in the South.

Heavily-armed members of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) serve as security of their leader Al Haj Murad.
Image Credit: AP
Under provisions of the BOL, there will be 75-25 sharing of revenues in favour of the Bangsamoro, an automatic allocation of the annual block grant for the Bangsamoro equivalent to 5 per cent of the net national internal revenue, and cases involving Muslims will be tried in Sharia courts.

As a result of the implementation of the BOL, some 30,000 members of the MILF’s Bangsamoro Army will be deactivated. The Moros in the south have waged a struggle against the Manila government in the north for centuries. It remains to be seen whether BOL will indeed lead to peace in Mindano, and the the rest of the Philippines.

On October 6, 2018, Duterte has revealed that he is awaiting the results of fresh medical tests, adding that “if it’s cancer, it’s cancer”. Duterte, 73, is the oldest person elected president in the country and speculation about his health has cropped up regularly since he took power in 2016.

In a speech late Thursday, the president said he underwent an endoscopy and colonoscopy about three weeks ago but that he was advised this week to repeat the tests. “I don’t know where I’m at now physically, I have to wait for that. “But I would tell you that if it’s cancer, it’s cancer,” he said.

Duterte had earlier admitted to a few non-trivial but non-life threatening ailments, from spinal pain due to a motorcycle crash about a decade ago to a smoking-related disease where blood vessels in the arms and legs can swell and become infected.

“And if it’s third stage, no more treatment. I will not prolong my agony in this office or anywhere,” he added. The statement triggered speculation about his real condition, but Duterte has also made deliberate statements in the past about his health that threw the media into a tizzy.

Is Duterte a 'break-out' leader?
Could Duterte be the "breakout" leader who could drive the Philippines forward to where its better-off neighbours like Singapore has gone?

A breakout situation is characterised by a sudden significant improvement in a short span of time. It appears that despite his verbal tirades that grabs the global media limelight, Duterte has been fairly successful in laying down the basics: curbing crime, corruption and boosting government efficiency.

To leapfrog its more well-off Asean partners, the Philippines must now a adopt and implement an economic strategy away from low-cost, labour intensive industries to high added-value goods and services.

Whether or not Duterte and his managers are able to lead the Philippines to a "tipping point" from low-income to a middle-income nation remains to be seen. It must continue to invest in infrastructure, protect intellectual property, push universities to work with industries and innovate products and services for the word.

Estimated GDP per capita of the Philippines by 2020 (IMF estimate)
By 2020, IMF estimates that the Philippines per capita GDP could further improve to an estimated $9,944, almost double from $5,710 in 2017, based on World Bank estimates. By comparison, Malaysia’s GDP per capita jumped from $18,530 in 2007 to $28,650 in 2017.

As for other Asean countries, IMF estimates GDP per capita levels by 2020: $15,052 for Indonesia, $20,6398 for Thailand, $33,470 for Malaysia, and $105,357 for Singapore.

The skyline of Manila.
Image Credit: Gulf News file
Will Duterte and his team — with less than four years left (under six-year, single-term allowed under the 1987 Constitution) — make the big push to bring average Filipinos beyond the middle-income nation group (per capita of $12,056)? Will it stay there for his successor to tackle?

His way of doing things have certainly gained strong support from the same people who voted him into office, and muted criticisms from his rivals. Beyond headline-grabbing verbal eruptions, Duterte has shown a rare ability to address some of the fundamental issues that the impatient Filipino electorate had sought from their leader.

His moves — on taxation, national ID system, boosting goverrnment efficiency, curbing red tape, crime and corruption — are tipping-point moments that, together, form the key to boosting national competitiveness.

Would the Philippines become an economic star with sustained growth under Duterte? It would be interesting to watch how things unfold in the second half of his six-year term.

With inputs from Jay Hilotin, Web Editor

Hard-hitting Philippine news portal faces tax evasion charge
News website critical of President Rodrigo Duterte denied the charges

Published:  November 11, 2018 14:11

Rappler website
Image Credit: Gulf News
Manila: Philippine prosecutors said Sunday they will file charges of tax evasion against a news website that has been critical of President Rodrigo Duterte.

The Justice Department said in a statement it found probable cause to indict Rappler Holdings Corp. and its president, journalist Maria Ressa. The case could be filed later this week, Justice Secretary Menardo Guevarra said.

Rappler called it "a clear form of continuing intimidation and harassment" and an attempt to "silence reporting that does not please the administration."

We are not at all surprised about the decision, considering the track record of how the government has treated Rappler as a result of its independent and fearless reporting on what has been transpiring in the country
- Francis Lim, Rappler's legal counsel
Duterte had already banned a Rappler reporter from his news briefings after the government's corporate watchdog found that the organization violated a constitutional prohibition on foreign ownership when it received money from an international investment firm. Rappler rejected the ruling.

Duterte has accused several independent media groups in the Philippines of biased reporting, including on his crackdown on illegal drugs that has left thousands mostly urban poor dwellers dead and drew condemnation by Western governments and U.N. bodies.

"We are not at all surprised about the decision, considering the track record of how the government has treated Rappler as a result of its independent and fearless reporting on what has been transpiring in the country," Rappler's legal counsel Francis Lim said.

He denied the charges of tax evasion in connection with Rappler's bond sales in 2015 to two foreign entities. Rappler, founded in 2012, says it remains wholly Filipino-owned and that the foreigners have no voting rights or a say in its management and news operations.

The brash-talking Duterte accused Rappler last year of being owned by Americans in violation of the Philippine Constitution and that the news outfit was funded by the Central Intelligence Agency. Rappler denied the allegations.

Philippine judge rejects Duterte push for critic's arrest
Manila court denies government petition to take Senator Antonio Trillanes into custody

Published:  October 22, 2018 17:31

Philippine Senator Antonio Trillanes, smiles as he speaks to members of the media at the senate building in Manila on October 22, 2018, after a local court denied a motion by Department of Justice for a warrant of arrest and hold departure order on Senator Trillanes on the 2003 coup'd'etat case.
Image Credit: AFP
MANILA: A Philippine judge rejected on Monday an effort by President Rodrigo Duterte to arrest one of his fiercest critics, a decision hailed by opponents as a check on the leader and a victory for the rule of law.

The decision from a Manila court denied a government petition to take Senator Antonio Trillanes into custody on charges for which the lawmaker had already been granted amnesty.

Trillanes has attacked the president's deadly narcotics crackdown, but also accused Duterte of corruption and his son of involvement in drug dealing.

"We wish to thank Judge Andres Soriano who has singlehandedly upheld justice and the rule of law in the country despite extreme pressure coming from the Duterte regime," a beaming Trillanes told reporters.

The order for Trillanes' arrest stems from the president voiding in September an amnesty granted eight years ago to the senator, an ex-navy officer, for his role in two coup attempts in the mid-2000s.

Duterte alleged the lawmaker did not complete the requirements of filing an official application and admitting guilt, but Monday's ruling threw out those arguments.

However, this decision is unlikely to be the final word on this case. The Philippines' top court is weighing the constitutional questions posed by Duterte's amnesty revocation and the government all but pledged to appeal.

"This is not the end. Nobody has to claim total victory here," Justice Secretary Menardo Guevarra told reporters. "This may be subject to review by the higher courts."

Monday's news came as Trillanes was on bail over another military uprising case that was revived by Duterte revoking the lawmaker's amnesty.

His arrest last month in that case made Trillanes the second senator critical of Duterte's drug war to be detained. Leila de Lima has been behind bars since February 2017 on charges she says were concocted to silence her.

Human Rights Watch called Monday's decision a temporary victory for rule of law in the Philippines.

"The Duterte administration's campaign is designed to silence Trillanes," HRW researcher Carlos Conde told AFP.

"We expect it (the government) to continue, even ramp up, this political harassment and intimidation," he added.

Trillanes had faced rebellion and coup d'etat charges for being among military officers who rose up against then president Gloria Arroyo over alleged corruption and mismanagement.

He led scores of junior officers in taking over part of a main district of Manila in 2003 and seized a posh Manila hotel in 2007 along with several armed followers as they demanded Arroyo's resignation.

Duterte puts Customs under military control, citing drugs
Under a temporary setup, military personnel will be tasked to inspect and clear container vans in Manila and other Philippine ports

Published:  October 29, 2018 14:18

In this July 23, 2018, file photo, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte gestures during his third State of the Nation Address at the House of Representatives in Quezon city, Philippines.
Image Credit: AP
Manila: The Philippine president put the Bureau of Customs temporarily under military control after two large shipments of illegal drugs slipped past the agency through the port of Manila.

President Rodrigo Duterte made the announcement late Sunday in an expletives-laden speech in southern Davao city before an audience that included visiting Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi. At one point, Duterte made a rude finger gesture and uttered a profanity.

Duterte cited "a state of lawlessness" that he declared following a deadly 2016 bombing to justify putting the military in control of the customs bureau. The agency's officials will be put on a "floating status" and be required to conduct their work in a gymnasium in the presidential palace complex, he said.

The agency, which collects import duties and taxes for the Department of Finance, has more than 3,000 officials, customs police and employees nationwide.

"Part of the lawless elements are there inside the Bureau of Customs," Duterte said. "With this kind of game that they are playing, dirty games, I am forced now to ask the armed forces to take over."

Military chief of staff Gen. Carlito Galvez Jr. ordered a contingent "of unquestionable integrity" from the army, air force, navy and marines to be organized to comply with the order by Duterte, who also named a retired military chief to lead the customs bureau. But opposition politicians questioned the legality of the president's move, citing the constitutional principle of the supremacy of civilian authority over the military.

"This is backdoor dictatorship," Sen. Risa Hontiveros said. "He should stop treating the military as his personal troubleshooting department. ... His order is not a demonstration of political will, it is a pathetic display of weak leadership."

Duterte replaced two of his most trusted men he had appointed to head the customs bureau after large shipments of suspected methamphetamine slipped through the agency last year and in July this year. Congress is investigating how the drugs, which were declared as kitchenware and magnetic lifters, were smuggled out of the government's most tightly watched ports.

Under a temporary setup, military personnel will be tasked to inspect and clear container vans in Manila and other Philippine ports. Some will be trained to operate X-ray machines used to screen cargos. Customs officials and personnel who have been implicated in corruption, meanwhile, will be investigated and face criminal charges.

Duterte insisted his trusted appointees, Nicanor Faeldon and Isidro Lapena, were honest but said they failed to prevent the entry of the drug shipments due to long-entrenched corruption in the customs bureau.

Lapena and Faeldon both denied any involvement in the drug shipments and pledged to cooperate in congressional inquiries. Other customs officials and employees have not commented on Duterte's actions.

The drugs in the shipment last year were later traced to a warehouse in metropolitan Manila, and the July shipment was later found in Cavite province.

Duterte said he has become exasperated with combating corruption in many government agencies. The two shipments were made despite an unprecedentedly massive crackdown against illegal drugs he launched after taking office in June 2016. Nearly 5,000 drug suspects have been killed in alleged clashes with law enforcers in the anti-crime campaign, which has alarmed Western governments and U.N. human rights experts.

Human rights watchdogs have reported much higher death tolls and have accused police of killing suspects unlawfully and making it appear the suspects fought back. Duterte and police officials have denied condoning unlawful killings, although he has openly and repeatedly threatened drug suspects with death.

"Do not listen to the human rights (groups). They cannot help us when we go down the drain, don't believe them because it's not true," Duterte said.

source : GULFNEWS

Sunday, November 11, 2018

OFWs may require national IDs before leaving Philippines

Manila: Overseas Filipino workers may be required to get their national identification cards before they are allowed to leave the country, an official said.

Dr Lisa Grace Bersales, head of the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), said in a radio interview that the government is planning to recommend to the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration that overseas Filipino workers (OFW) get their national ID cards first before they would be allowed to go abroad.

In August, President Rodrigo Duterte signed the Philippine Identification System (PhilSys) Act. The new law will provide a plastic-machine readable card to all Filipinos. The card also proves that they are listed in a nationwide data-base so that all their transactions with the government would be easier.

“We plan to propose to the POEA that our OFWs, before they leave the country, secure a national ID,” Bersales said.

However, she said this is just a plan in the meantime. In the first place, OFWs would be able to get their PhilSys cards at the consulates.

The PSA serves primary implementing agency in the PhilSys project.

Earlier, she said that although the law on the PhilSys was signed this August, it could take up to March 2019 for the PSA to issue the first IDs.

The PhilSys Act also aims to provide a central identification clearing house for all citizens as well as resident foreigners in the Philippines. To get the national ID for their children, Bersales said all the parents have to do is register their son or daughter’s national ID soon as they secure a birth certificate.

She said the child’s biometric information can be captured he or she is already five years old. Once that data is already recorded, the child can secure a new ID by the time he or she reaches that age of 18.

The PhilSys ID can be used by Filipinos in all their transactions with any branches of the government.

Earlier, the government announced that it would be providing Filipino migrant workers with the OFW e-Card which provides similar benefits to the PhilSys ID.

source : GULFNEWS

Thursday, June 28, 2018

How to apply for renewal of your Philippine passport in the UAE . . .a guide on how Filipinos can apply for a new passport in the UAE

Getting a passport renewed is critical for every expatriate and anyone who needs to travel overseas. 

Here, we break down what Filipino residents need to do to get their existing or old passport renewed. 

Get an appointment 
You can get an appointment for Abu Dhabi or Dubai online. You need to get the appointment scheduled, ideally at least 10 months prior to your passport’s expiration date. 

Who doesn't need an appointment? 
You don’t need an appointment if you are a/an: 
1. Senior Citizen with Senior Citizen ID; 
2. Minors; twelve (12) years old and below. In these scenarios, you may avail of the Priority lane at the regional Consular Office to apply for your passport. 

Required documents 
1. You need to download and complete this form for renewal (adults only). 
2. Existing passport 
3. A copy of the data page and visa page in your passport 
4. In case you are also looking for a last name change during renewal, you need more documents on a case-to-case basis. 
5. For example, to change your maiden last name to married last name, you must carry a Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA)-certified original copy and photocopy (one) of the marriage certificate or ‘Report of Marriage’. All aforementioned documents must be attested by the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA). 

Also, read guidelines on getting a good conduct certificate for Filipinos 

At the consulate/embassy 

Get a token or queue number form at the Information Counter in the Philippine Embassy or Consulate. 

Depending on how the procedure is at each venue, you might be required to drop your original passport at this counter. 

As soon as your number is called, the processor will check authenticity of all the documents presented and make sure that everything has been submitted for renewal. 

How much is the fee? 

When cleared, pay a passport fee of Dh240. If not cleared, make sure you understand the processor’s instructions and come back to the embassy as required. 

After payment, your biometric and other data will get encoded
You have to make sure your name, address and other details are correct at this stage. Cost of renewal in case of any errors would be borne by the applicant. 

It might take 6 to 12 weeks to get your new passport. This is why the consulate and embassy advise getting started at least 10 months prior to your passport’s expiry date. When collecting the passport, the applicant must be present in person and should also submit the old passport (if not submitted earlier) and his or her passport fee receipt. For people who aren’t able to collect it in person can only authorise immediate family members for collection. In this case, the collector needs to have an authorisation letter, a copy of any valid government approved ID and the old passport (if not submitted earlier).

Sunday, May 6, 2018

NOW WE ALL KNOW . . . The Late President MARCOS.

Thanks to Brian Gabriel


I’m actually studying International Trade here in Busan . My Professor once said that one of the economic models of East Asia as well as the South during the post war era particularly in the 1960’s are based on Japan and the Philippines. He added that the Philippines is one of the richest nations next to Japan in that time and also once envied. Having said all these I was actually proud and happy seeing all my classmates of other nationalities looked at me with smiles on their faces.

But, what struck me the most is when my professor asked me, WHAT HAPPENED TO YOUR COUNTRY? I couldn’t answer back. From this, I saw the sudden shift of emotions in the class. I went home having this in mind. I was quite puzzled of what really happened.

Then one day, my wife, a Korean national found a documentary about the late Pres. Marcos and his wife Imelda. He is actually very famous here in Korea and is known to be a great president.

In the documentary I saw a lot of things I couldn’t imagine happened during those days. I was surprised to see the prosperous and peaceful life the Filipinos back in those days were enjoying. I saw people wearing formal clothes (suits), a clean and magnificent city, happy people walking on the old streets of Manila, thriving communities and places everywhere and many more.

An interesting as well as quite controversial part of the documentary is the part wherein Bong Bong Marcos was interviewed. He was asked, the same question my professor asked me, WHAT HAPPENED TO THIS COUNTRY? He said, "My father loved and cared for this country a lot and my mother as well. While saying this, suddenly he paused with teary eyes and said, “We were betrayed by the Americans”. He believes that his father trusted them but they put him down. He also thinks that they used his mother’s (Imelda) lifestyle to further destroy their reputation. Though he admitted she is living an extravagant life, she also did a lot of accomplishments, Cultural Center of the Philippines, Philippine Heart Center, Lung Center of the Philippines, Kidney Institute of the Philippines, Nayong Pilipino; Philippine International Convention Center, Folk Arts Theater, and the Coconut Palace are all Imeldas' brainchildren. Nonetheless, all major social and public buildings and institutions in the country today were actually built during the Marcos’s reign.

What inspired me the most is the time when I heard the story of the late president of Korea Park Chung Hee who visited the Philippines once in the 1960’s. Mr. Marcos and Mr. Chung Hee were believed to be good friends. Pres. Chung Hee and Marcos once visited the Radial Road 8 now called North Luzon Expressway. I heard that Mr. Chung Hee literally cried on Mr. Marcos’ shoulder saying “ I wish my country would be just like the Philippines”. Right after he came back to Korea he started a plan to create expressways similar to what he saw in the Philippines to literally connect the cities all over Korea which were divided by tall mountains. He succeeded on doing this. And, it is said that this move is one of the keys of the Korean economic boom. Unluckily, he was assassinated. Some say that the Americans were behind the assassination.

I know Marcos cared for his country a lot that he wanted to put it on the map. He even bought properties at Wall Street at that time because he wanted the Philippines to be known and dominate the world market. He also initiated a group of powerful south East Asian nations (SEATO) and is believed to have been headed by the Philippines and some countries to strengthen their economic relations further which is also one of the models of economic integrations (G2, G3,G7, ASEAN, and so on) these days. Another international diplomatic accomplishment of Mr. Marcos was the joint effort of Japan and the Philippines to form the Asian Development Bank in 1966 with headquarter in Mandaluyong. Some say that it somewhat became just like the world bank of Asia and its sole purpose is to give foreign aid to poor countries at that time. Unfortunately, the Philippines is the one receiving aid nowadays.

For me, I think Marcos is the best president the Philippines ever had. During his time the economy was at its peak, unemployment was low, peso against the dollar was at its lowest, poverty rate is not that high (compared today), in short the Philippines was at its finest.

But, not until the West came to realize that the Philippines will grow strong and powerful as time goes. Some say they were afraid it will take over the Wall Street as it already started buying properties and putting up state owned investment firms on its soil. One, thing is for sure, that they should stop this. Then it all began. They had their plan of destroying Marcos’ reputation and putting him down using the media and some manipulated social and political entities whose dark aim is to privatize Mr Marcos' nationalistic legacies. The sad part is they succeeded.

And, the saddest part is, we were fooled as well.

Tuesday, September 6, 2016

An Open Letter To President Barack Obama.


An Open Letter To President Barack Obama.

The White House

With A Prayer for a successful meeting between him and President Duterte.
Dear President Obama,
As a Citizen of the world and a believer in Change, allow me to write you an open letter to attempt to articulate the audacity of the Filipino people to hope for a better future and to aspire for a nation that is secure,peaceful,law abiding and prosperous.
While we are still mourning and recovering from the Davao Bombing, while our law enforcers are sacrificing and doing their duty everyday to reclaim communities from narcotics and criminality (many police officers have died in the line of duty), while our President is pursuing peace and fighting corruption, powerful forces are working against us (locally and internationally).
I write to you because more than any other person, you know how it feels to have the weight of the world on your shoulders.
To have the burden of fixing the problems of your own country but having to constantly live up to the expectations of the entire world.
To be called on, and depended on but at the same time to be hated and cursed at.
To be pulled and torn in every direction and at every crossroad.
I ask myself where does President Obama get the strength to see this through? It can only have come from the grace of GOD and a deep love of one's people and of all humanity.
Despite all the challenges, you have persevered and have accomplished so much.
Now it is our turn. Our turn to experience Change we can believe in.
We finally have a President who has faith in GOD, who has a deep love for our people, who is willing to sacrifice even his life and honor to see that change comes to all Filipinos.
President Duterte and our entire nation is now fighting 3 wars simultaneously.
1. The War against poverty (which includes leveling a playing field that by and large only oligarchs grow and prosper while the greater majority struggles just to survive);
2. The War against crime, illegal drugs and corruption, and;
3. The War on war. The quest for a just and inclusive peace and an end to the decades-long communist insurgency as well as other rebellions in our country.
After decades of hopelessness and up to 10 million Filipinos leaving our country to find work in foreign lands and after an entire generation exposed to the perils of illegal drugs, we finally have a President who is trying to get the country back on the right track.
Mr President, how many times have you been misjudged, prejudged or judged unjustly because of your nationality, Party affiliation, stand on issues or even your skin color?
Yet despite all these, you persevered. You never gave up! If there were mistakes along the way, you learned from those mistakes and you spawned an entire generation of people around the world saying "Yes We Can!"
Will you now allow us to lose hope and fail? Will the West deny us the "Change we can believe in?" Just because some people have misjudged our beloved President based on how he speaks. Aggravated by an obvious misinformation campaign about the human rights situation in the country.
Does he not deserve to be judged on his record and his actions? On facts and not manipulated statistics? On where he wants to bring the country rather than his sometimes politically incorrect words?
We Filipinos will always be your brothers and sisters. Your allies and friends. But we also deserve our own national identity and a chance for an independent foreign policy.
A foreign policy for Filipinos by Filipinos. A balanced friendship with our oldest ally and big brother the United States of America on one hand and a friendship of mutual respect with our neighbor China on the other.
You have tried at every turn to avoid war and done everything for peace! Can't we work on a win win win situation for the U.S.A, Philippines and China?
Over the last 7 years you have patiently addressed concerns of pessimists, critics and hardliners and pushed your peoples agenda forward inch by inch.
Well now the pessimists, critics and hardliners in the West, the United Nations, and the Philippines want us to continue to bicker and disagree. To let disagreements escalate into fights. And for what? So that no one wins?
Hardliners fear the Philippine government will make peace with the communist rebels.
Critics Fear that CHRISTians and Muslims can't build communities and a Nation together?
Pessimists say that we can't be a drug free Country.
Will we let the pessimists and hardliners win Mr President? Or will we persevere and try to understand each other, so we can wake up one day to a peaceful, prosperous and progressive Philippines.
Can't we give the Philippines and President Duterte a Chance?
As We Pray that GOD Blesses America, We ask The Americans to be used by GOD To Bless The Philippines.

GOD Bless You President "Yes We Can" Obama!
GOD Bless President Rody Duterte!
GOD Bless The Philippines!

Senator Alan Peter S. Cayetano

Monday, May 9, 2016




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